Ratification of International Human Rights Treaties

Indicator description

  • A. Definition

    Status of South Korea’s ratification of international human rights instruments and optional protocols adopted by the United Nations

  • B. How to measure

    “Adoption” is the formal act by which the form and content of a proposed treaty are established.
    “Ratification” is an act by which a state signifies an agreement to be legally bound by the terms of a particular treaty. (Source: 표준국어대사전)
    Rate of ratification = Entry into force in Korea/International Society Adoption
    *Entry into force = The number of treaties that have actually come into effect in Korea
    *Optional protocol: Documents establishing procedures for complementing existing treaties and allowing countries to implement them

  • C. Features and Sources

    Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity
    Law and Institution International Norm International Human Rights Law Compliance Objective/Structural Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Foreign Affairs Treaties Information 1951 Irregularly
  • D. Interpretation

    Since World War II, the international community began paying more attention to the common values of human rights, and the United Nations (UN) has established basic international human rights conventions and optional protocols. These conventions, which are legally binding on the grounds of the UN Charter and the UDHR, include content on specific topics or groups, such as women and children, as well as basic human rights. South Korea began ratifying human rights treaties since 1950. The rate of ratification in Korea steadily increased from 1990 to 2010, but it still did not ratify much more than 50% of the total adopted number of the international human rights treaties. Accordingly, in order for Korea to develop its international status as a country that values human rights, constant efforts to ratify and enforce international human rights treaties are needed.

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