Human Rights Complaints
The number of complaints received by the National Human Rights Commission of Korea (NHRCK)
B. How to measure
Filed complaints: A case in which a person who experienced or witnessed a human rights violation or discrimination filed a complaint to the NHRCK
C. Features and Sources
Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity Law and Institution The Role of National Human Rights Institutions The Role of National Human Rights Commission of Korea Objective/Process National Human Rights Commission of Korea Human Rights Statistics 2012 1 year
Anyone who has experienced or witnessed a violation of human rights has the right to apply to the National Human Rights Commission of Korea (NHRCK) for a complaint of the case. Upon receiving the complaint, the commission’s investigators conduct investigations. After some deliberation on the case, they decide whether to accept the complaint (i.e. the commission determines on the basis of the findings of its investigation that a human rights violation has occurred) or to dismiss it (the complaint does not address a human rights abuse or discriminatory act subject to an investigation). The status of filing a complaint is not only a direct measure of the human rights situation, but also a measure of the level of the human rights sensitivity of people. According to the human rights statistics of the NHRCK, since 2011, the year when the data were collected for the first time, the number of complaints filed by males has generally increased, while the number of complaints made by females has continuously risen and fallen. However, since 2013, the number of complaints filed by females has been gradually decreasing. As the public awareness of human rights has improved, rather than enduring human rights abuses or discriminations by countries or companies, people are making more attempts to protect their own rights. A significant increase in figures compared to the previous year (2017) can be interpreted as a positive development, apart from the actual human rights violations and discrimination.