Gender Discrimination Recognition: Female Soldiers
The degree to which female soldiers feel disadvantageous compared to male soldiers by sector
B. How to measure
The number and percentage of respondents who answered when asked to choose a response among ‘advantage to male soldiers’, ‘equal to both male and female soldiers’, ‘advantage to female soldiers’ for each item.
C. Features and Sources
Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity Rights to Equality Discrimination Factors Gender Subjective/Result National Human Rights Commission of Korea Survey on the Human Rights Status of Female Soldiers 2012 Irregular
Despite the recent rapid increase in the number of female soldiers and the rapid change in the position of female soldiers in the military, some in and outside the military still say that disposition of female soldiers in limited areas is enough. There is also a strong tendency to consider female soldiers’ military contributions as indirect. This view is likely to undermine the reasonable assessment of female soldiers’ ability to perform their duties. Furthermore, this can lead to infringement of their right to equality and discrimination in personnel evaluation, position assignment, promotion, disposition, education, and training. The extent to which women feel disadvantageous and disadvantageous in each category is a direct indication of which items women are discriminated against. According to the index, 72.5 percent of female soldiers answered that South Korean soldiers had an advantage when it comes to choosing the branch of service. Subsequently, by getting a high number of responses such as “major disposition opportunities” and “major position assignment opportunities,” female soldiers feel that they do not get equal opportunities compared to men. Thus, solving inequality of opportunity should be prioritized by the government, which aims to increase the number of female soldiers.