Sexual Discrimination During The Recruitment Process

Indicator Description

  • A. Definition

    The Reason why job-seekers felt they were sexually discriminated during recruitment process

  • B. How to measure

    The number and percentage of selected items by a respondent who reported that he or she experienced sexual discrimination during the recruitment process. The question asked to the respondent was ‘on which occasion did you feel that you were sexually discriminated during the recruitment process?’. Giving multiple responses was allowed in this survey.
    Each item is as follows
    *Gender classification and gender preference: ‘classifying candidates by gender and prefering candidates of certain gender’
    *When restrictions are set based on marrital status: ‘setting restrictions according to marrital status(single or married)’
    *When questions related to pregnancy or childbirth were asked: ‘questioning about pregnancy or childbirth’
    *When specific physical condition or photo is required: ‘demanding specific physical condition(weight or height) or photos’
    *When filling out social security number is required: ‘Ordering to fill out social security number’

  • C. Features and Sources

    Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity
    Rights to Equality Discrimination Factors Gender Subjective/Result National Human Rights Commission of Korea Survey on Discrimination Practices in the Corporate Recruitment Process 2011 Irregular
  • D. Interpretation

    Job seekers often experience gender discrimination in the job-seeking process. Visible gender discrimination such as restrictions on a job application by gender and separate recruitment based on gender may have disappeared. However, the actual female employment rate is very low. Also, fewer companies have plans to improve the employment rate of women. In other words, gender discrimination needs to be improved in terms of equal opportunity. According to the indicators, job seekers felt the most gender discrimination when specific physical conditions and photographs were demanded during the recruitment process. Also, in all questions other than the social security number question, women felt more sexual discrimination than men in general. Particularly, concerning questions on pregnancy and childbirth, the number of women who answered that they feel gender discrimination was five times higher than men. This can be inferred as a result of reflecting the reality that pregnancy and childbirth affect the employment of women. Therefore, the government and society need to make efforts to exclude gender discrimination in the recruitment process.

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