Sexual Discrimination Experienced by Adolescents

Indicator Description

  • A. Definition

    Whether adolescents (middle and high school students) have experienced gender discrimination

  • B. How to measure

    Number of respondents who gave a response to a question ‘Have you ever been discriminated against for being a man or a woman?’, consisted responses were 1) Never, 2) Rarely, 3) Sometimes, 4) Very often
    * In this indicator, responses are transformed as follows: 1) Not even once -> Never, 2) Once or twice a year -> Rarely,  3) Once or twice a month -> Sometimes, 4) Once or twice a week & 5) More than 3 times a week -> Very often.

  • C. Features and Sources

    Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity
    Rights to Equality Discrimination Factors Gender Subjective/Result National Youth Policy Institute Children·Adolescents Human Rights Survey 2009 1 Year
  • D. Interpretation

    In 1991, the Korean government took legal and moral responsibility to protect and enhance the rights of children and adolescents with the ratification of the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child. However, according to many studies, the happiness index for children and adolescents in Korea is very low. In the course of their growth, children and adolescents must face a variety of human rights violation factors. Human rights violation factors include problems regarding vulnerable adolescents such as child abuse, physical punishment, youth violence, poverty and adolescents outside school. Also, children and adolescents face a variety of human rights violation factors that are caused by hyper-competitive education. Hyper-competitive education refers to education highly focused on entrance examinations. Hyper-competitive education yields problems such as mental and physical health problems, labor rights violations, disability, migration background, human rights issues of children and adolescents during the judicial process, and lack of awareness of adolescents’ right to participate. Recently, in terms of gender equality, adolescents are in favor of gender equality. Therefore, gender quality is one of the major indicators of youth human rights. According to the indicators, nearly half of the adolescents who responded in 2011 experienced gender discrimination. The number had fallen significantly in 2015, but since 2016, the experience of gender discrimination has been on the rise. Sexual perceptions are formed during adolescence and have a huge impact on adult life. Thus, experience of sexual discrimination can harm the future social relationships of adolescents. Therefore, adults should lead adolescents to have an equal gender concept and avoid experiencing sexual discrimination. Also, efforts by schools, governments, and society to eliminate discrimination are essential.

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