Awareness of Religious Discrimination inside Schools

Indicator Description

  • A. Definition

    Students’ experience of religious discrimination by school religious ideology

  • B. How to measure

    The number and percentage of respondents who answered that discrimination ‘exists’, ‘doesn’t exist’ or ‘don’t know’ in areas such as missing out on school’s religious ceremony/student community support/ dormitory, scholarship, etc.

  • C. Features and Sources

    Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity
    Rights to Equality Discrimination Factors Religion Subjective/Result National Human Rights Commission Religious Discrimination Status and Improvement of Religious Discrimination : Centered on Middle School and High School 2012 Irregular
  • D. Interpretation

    All citizens shall enjoy the freedom of religion (Article 20, Clause 1 of the Constitution). Nevertheless, social exclusion by religion or religious discrimination is still serious today. Among religious discrimination, one of the most problematic areas in terms of quantity and quality is discrimination in schools. Religious discrimination in middle and high schools is considered a relatively important issue, because to adolescents the educational content in this period has a large impact on personal growth. Also, in the case of middle and high schools, as students choose schools but are assigned in large part regardless of their intentions, this education structure can yield a higher degree of religious discrimination. According to the indicators, the most prominent disadvantage was not attending the school’s religious ceremony. In other words, if the student declares different religious identity and choose not to participate in the school’s religious ceremony, then the student would receive a disadvantage. The rate of students who received disadvantages was highest for students enrolled in Buddhist schools (Buddhist and Won Buddhism). Although not many, there were student communities who were religiously discriminated against in terms of receiving support from the school. Differentiated club support by religion also existed, if not many. The rate of students who experienced religious discrimination in dormitories and scholarship assignments was high in the Christian religion (Protestantism+Catholic). The rate of students who experienced religious discrimination in dormitories and scholarship assignments was high in the Christian religion (Protestantism+Catholic). Religious Discrimination and disadvantages to middle and high school students is a big problem because it does not provide equal opportunities for students and has a bad influence on students in their process of adulthood. Therefore, efforts must be made to investigate the current state of these problems and find ways to solve them.

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