Discrimination Based on Academic Level in Recruitment Process

Indicator Description

  • A. Definition

    What job seekers think is a factor for discrimination based on academic background

  • B. How to measure

    Percentage of items within each academic level section (Percentage)

  • C. Features and Sources

    Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity
    Rights to Equality Discrimination Factors Education Level, Academic Background Subjective/Result National Human Rights Commission of Korea Survey on Discrimination in Corporate Recruitment Process 2011 Irregular
  • D. Interpretation

    Academic background or level of education is one of the biggest discrimination factors during the hiring process. The domination of prominent economic and political positions by graduates from certain schools is easily witnessed in Korean society. One explanation for this is that individuals are perceived and evaluated by academic background rather than ability or acquisition of qualification. The overall results of the indicators show that a higher percentage of people have experienced discrimination based on academic background. In other words, there were more cases of academic discrimination in the hiring process. According to the index, 33.4 percent of respondents picked the most frequently experienced discrimination factor as ‘restrictions based on their final educational background, such as high school graduates, college graduates and graduate school graduates’. Also, there was a noticeable difference between people with education levels lower than community college graduates and people with an education level higher than university graduates. College graduates feel more discrimination based on the academic background (Sky, Seoul metropolitan area, local universities, etc.). For graduate school alumni, they feel most discrimination when asked to write the name of the school they have graduated from. Such inequalities and discrimination are factors that hinder the development of human rights, so the factors presented in the index should be eliminated. To create an equal society in which ability is prioritized over an academic background, society should make efforts to improve it.

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