Adolescents Discrimination Experience Based on Academic Grades

Indicator Description

  • A. Definition

    Whether adolescents(middle·high school students) have experienced discrimination based on academic grades

  • B. How to measure

    Number of respondents who gave a response to a question ‘Have you ever been discriminated against based on your academic grade?’, consisted responses were 1) Never – 4) Very often
    * In this indicator, responses are altered as follows: 1) Not even once -> Never, 2) Once or twice a year -> Rarely,  3) Once or twice a month -> Sometimes, 4) Once or twice a week & 5) More than 3 times a week -> Very often.

  • C. Features and Sources

    Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity
    Rights to Equality Discrimination Factors Education Level, Academic Background Subjective/Result Korea Youth Policy Institute Survey on the Human Rights of Children and Adolescents 2009 1 Year
  • D. Interpretation

    In 1991, the Korean government took legal and moral responsibility to protect and enhance the rights of children and adolescents with the ratification of the U.N. Convention on the Rights of the Child. However, according to many studies, the happiness index for children and adolescents in Korea is very low. In the course of their growth, children and adolescents must face a variety of human rights violation factors. Human rights violation factors include problems regarding vulnerable adolescents such as child abuse, physical punishment, youth violence, poverty and adolescents outside school. Also, children and adolescents face a variety of human rights violation factors that are caused by hyper-competitive education. Hyper-competitive education refers to education highly focused on entrance examinations. Hyper-competitive education yields problems such as mental and physical health problems, labor rights violations, disability, migration background, human rights issues of children and adolescents during the judicial process, and lack of awareness of adolescents’ right to participate. Indicators show that more than half of the respondents in 2011 suffered discrimination based on academic grades. The number dropped significantly until 2015, but as of 2017, about 35 percent of teenagers still had discrimination experience based on their academic grades. Since the respondents are middle and high school students, their grades take up a huge part of their lives, but the discrimination based on their grades is unfair. Therefore, adults should not discriminate against a teenager under certain conditions. Concretely, schools, governments, and society should work to eliminate discrimination based on academic grades.

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