Degree in which homosexuals can be tolerated in a community
B. How to measure
The percentage of respondents who answered the question, “To what extent can you embrace a homosexual as a member of the group?”
*The answers consist of: 1. Unacceptable, 2. Neighbor, 3. Co-worker, 4. Close friend, 5. Spouse
C. Features and Sources
Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity Rights to Equality Discrimination Factor Sexual Orientation Subjective/Result Korea Institute of Public Administration Korea Social Integration Survey 2013 1 year
The National Human Rights Commission Act Article 2(3) prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation. However, due to the nature of the NHRCK, it does not have administrative force, and it cannot be regarded as a practical anti-discrimination law because it is only possible to demand remedies. In our society, a sexual minority is likely to be discriminated against or rejected only because of the different sexual orientation which is slightly different from the social norm. According to the results of the social integration survey conducted by the Korea Institute of Public Administration, respondents who said that they cannot accept a person of gender minority as a social member exceeded 50% of all respondents. Looking at the trend from 2013 to 2015, the percentage of respondents who answered they cannot accept gender minority members as social members is decreasing somewhat, whereas the percentage of respondents who can accept gender minorities as “neighbors” is increasing. Accordingly, it can be confirmed that the degree of inclusion of persons of gender minority is gradually increasing. However, the answer to the question of accepting them as “close friends” or even “spouses,” which are psychologically closer than other relationships, is still low. This suggests that members of our society still find it difficult to embrace sexual minorities as social members with who they can establish intimate relationships.