Freedom of Thought and Conscience is Guaranteed by Adolescents

Indicator Description

  • A. Definition

    The security level of the freedom of thought and conscience at home/school/social level that adolescents feel

  • B. How to measure

    The percentage of respondents to a question ‘to what degree do you think that freedom of thought and conscience is guaranteed at your home/school/society so that you can voice your thoughts freely?’. A four-point scale was used and the response options varied from “not guaranteed at all” to “highly guaranteed”.

  • C. Features and Sources

    Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity
    Right to Freedom Fundamental Freedom Freedom of Opinion and Expression Subjective/Result National Youth Policy Institute Children·Adolescents Human Rights Survey 2014 1 year
  • D. Interpretation

    Freedom of thought and conscience is one of the basic freedoms humans can have. No one can impose certain ideas on an individual. And individuals can choose the ideas they want without interference from others. In a democratic country like South Korea, one has the freedom of thought and conscience as long as it does not violate the National Security Law. Nevertheless, parents, brothers, or schools often force unwanted thoughts on adolescents. However, forcing a teenager or a child to have an ideology of the parents is a violation of freedom of thought and conscience. Not only parents but also society and schools make it impossible for teenagers to express their thoughts freely. According to the index, most teenagers were free to express their thoughts in society. Comparing 2014 and 2017, in particular, shows an increase in the number of teenagers who responded that their freedom to thought and conscience is highly guaranteed, meaning that teenagers are more actively enjoying the freedom of thought and conscience. Parents, schools, and society have a responsibility to care for teenagers, while at the same time bear the obligation to help them grow up and express their ideas freely. In conclusion, every member of society needs to strive to build a society in which freedom of thought and conscience is guaranteed so that adolescents in our society can enjoy the freedom of thought conscience in the process of forming their identity.

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