Cyber Slander and Defamation
Occurrence and arrest of insults and defamation in virtual space (Internet)
B. How to measure
The number of people who have committed cyber slander and defamation crimes and the number of people arrested
C. Features and Sources
Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity Right to Freedom Fundamental Freedom Freedom of Opinion and Expression Objective/Result Cyber Security Bureau of the National Police Agency Cyber Crime Statistics 2014 1 year
Freedom of speech and expression is one of the basic freedoms, and all human beings have the right to express their opinions freely. However, rights do not allow all opinions and expressions to be accepted and people should not infringe on others’ rights within legal boundaries. Anonymity is guaranteed in virtual space; therefore, slander, insult, and libel are easy to occur online. To sanction it, the National Police Agency is setting up a cyber safety bureau, while the state is sanctioning related acts by drawing up relevant laws. Since then such efforts had drawn public sympathy and this led to a decline in cybercrimes after reaching 15,000 in 2015. However, the number of crimes exceeded 15,000 again in 2018. The results of these indicators indicate that legal regulations now encompass both actual space and cyberspace. Also, legal regulations are expanding beyond real space to cyberspace. Therefore, users must take these facts into account when expressing their opinion.