Households below the Minimum Housing Standard

Indicator Description

  • A. Definition

    The number of households beneath the minimum housing standard indicated in the “Survey of Housing Status”

  • B. How to measure

    The number and ratio of households living in residential areas that do not satisfy the minimum residential area, essential facilities, environment specified in the minimum housing standard (Article 5-2 of the Housing Act)
    * One-person household: Total residential area 14m² + 1 room (including living room)
    * Two-person household: Total residential area 26m² kitchen and dining room + 1 room
    * Three-person household: Total residential area 36m² kitchen and dining Room + 2 rooms
    * Four-person household: Total residential area 43m² kitchen and dining Room + 3 rooms
    * Five-person household: Total residential area 46m² kitchen and dining Room + 3 rooms
    * Six-person household: Total residential area 55m² kitchen and dining Room + 4 rooms

  • C. Features and Sources

    Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity
    Social Rights Right to an Adequate Standard of Living Right to Housing Subjective/Result Ministry of Infrastructure and Transportation Korea Housing Survey 2006 2 years (Before 2017)
  • D. Interpretation

    The right to housing is not a matter of securing only a residential space but also a matter of maintaining a certain quality of life. The minimum housing standard, which can be considered the standard for maintaining a minimum quality of life, was introduced for the first time in 2000 and was revised in 2011. The purpose of establishing the minimum standard of living necessary for citizens to live a pleasant life has been enforced according to Article 5(2) of the Housing Act and Article 7 of the Enforcement Decree of the same Act. According to the statute, “Minimum residential space and number of rooms for each use” is identified with an asterisk. In addition, the Ministry of Land, Transport, and Maritime Affairs requires compulsory installation of residential buildings for disabled persons and elderly people. According to the Housing Survey, households below the minimum housing standard have steadily decreased, and the number of households, estimated to be 2.68 million at the time of the first survey in 2006, is estimated to be at 1.14 million according to the 2017 survey. The ratio of households to total households was estimated at 5.9% in 2017, up 0.5%. According to the 2017 survey, 60% of households with less than the minimum housing standard have monthly rent payments. Hence, it is necessary to investigate the conditions of the minimum housing standard for one-person, furnished spaces, which occupies the majority of the monthly renters, and to take measures to rectify problems.

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