National Basic Living Security Program

Indicator Description

  • A. Definition

    Status of the recipients of the National Basic Livelihood Security benefits paid to the household or individual of households whose income falls below the minimum cost of living

  • B. How to measure

    The ratio of recipients of basic livelihood security benefits relative to the local population is the difference between the national average and Seoul, the highest (Jeonbuk) and lowest (Ulsan).
    * The increase in the number of recipients does not necessarily mean an increase in the number of poor people, as the number of recipients may increase as living standards change.
    * The number of recipients under 20 increased due to the relaxation of standards since 2015.

  • C. Features and Sources

    Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity
    Social Rights Social Security Right Income Security Objective/Result Ministry of Health and Welfare Recipients of National Basic Living Security Program 1977 1 year
  • D. Interpretation

    Article 25 (1) of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states, “Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.” It states that social security rights are an important part of human rights. Article 34 (2) of the Constitution of South Korea also clearly states that “The State shall have the duty to endeavor to promote social security and welfare.” As of 2015, the number of recipients under the age of 20 has increased due to the relaxation of laws surrounding the basic livelihood security system. As of 2017, about 1.58 million people nationwide accounts for 3.1% of the population. On the other hand, looking at the coverage rate of the national basic life insurance coverage by region can serve as basic data to confirm the population distribution, the distribution of households, and the gap between rich and poor. At present, Jeonbuk Province is the highest at 5.1%, while Ulsan is at 1.6%, excluding Sejong City. When combined with Gwangju and Jeonnam, Jeolla Province occupies a very high proportion at 13.8% and also has a very high rate of welfare indicators for low-income families. In order to prevent the persistence of poverty through rehabilitation projects for beneficiaries, it seems like policies at the national level are needed.

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