Child Care Center
Percentage of the child enrolled for Child-daycare centers
B. How to measure
Child-daycare centers Usage Rate = (Children in Child-daycare centers by age/ Number of infants and children by age registered as resident population) ✕ 100
C. Features and Sources
Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Periodicity Social Rights Right to Education Access to Education Support Objective/Result Ministry of Health and Welfare Child Care Center User Statistics 2001 1 year
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights Article 26(1) states that “Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory”. As women’s social advancement is increasing, the demand for childcare outside of the home is increasing. Accordingly, as part of measures against the further declining fertility rate, the state’s responsibility for the expansion and management of day care centers is emphasized. As the role of the state on child care is emphasized in the advanced countries, it is necessary to systematically manage the demand and the status of the daycare centers. In Korea, however, the need for safe public kindergarten is more prevalent than private kindergarten. The rate of use of care center for children aged 0 ~ 2 increased year by year, and it increased from 50% in 2010 to 69.7% in 2017. In 2018, due to the disclosure of child abuse problems, infant and child care became a social issue, and the public demand for the Kindergarten 3 law was high. However, the bill was not passed due to political problems. As promised to solve the problem of public kindergarten and child care in 2019, more support for public kindergartens and further initiatives related to the expansion of kindergartens are expected.