Voter Turnout Rate

A. Definition

Voter turnout in presidential elections in South Korea by age (After 2000)

B.How to measure

Voter Turnout = (Number of voters / Number of Registered Voters) * 100

C. Features and Sources

Category Sub-Category Sub-Subcategory Type of Indicator Reference Data Sources First year data available Frequency
Right to Freedom Political Rights Right to Vote Objective/Result National Election Commission Voter Turnout Analysis 1992 Irregular


The core value of democracy is achieved through the political reflection of the people through voting. The right to vote in a normal democratic country that adopts indirect democracy is an essential way for a sovereign citizen to exercise his or her rights. In particular, citizens express their political views and demands through elections, thereby representing themselves and establishing their legitimacy in the political process. Article 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that “Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.” Furthermore, article 25 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, a key international human rights treaty that South Korea also ratified, indicates that “Every citizen shall have the right and the opportunity, without any of the distinctions mentioned in article 2 and without unreasonable restrictions: (a) To take part in the conduct of public affairs, directly or through freely chosen representatives; (b) To vote and to be elected at genuine periodic elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret ballot, guaranteeing the free expression of the will of the electors;” If we look at the voter turnout of the presidential election, we can see that the difference in turnout by age was remarkable in the past. In 2007, the turnout difference between the 20s and 60s was almost 30%. However, as the desire for political rights through elections increased, the turnout of young people has risen sharply. In 2017, the gap in voter turnout by age declined to less than 5%. Apart from the voter turnout, it is a very encouraging phenomenon that the number of people who protect and express their rights in various areas is increasing.


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